5cae73fdedeaf125 АШ СПТ - расшифровка: автомобиль штабной службы пожаротушения

Служба пожаротушения

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Ликвидация очагов возгорания проводится спецтехникой различного типа и назначения. Обилие средств и необходимость создавать оперативные схемы пожаров привело к сокращениям названий. Наиболее часто встречается запись аш спт, расшифровка аббревиатур, как и сокращений общая для всей структуры пожаротушения. Наиболее часто сокращаются названия передвижного состава гарнизонов и средств тушения.

Типы пожарных автомобилей

В службах пожаротушения используются автомобили общего и целевого назначения. К первому типу относится пожарная автотехника:

  • цистерны;
  • насосы;
  • для оказания первой помощи.

Наиболее распространены автоцистерны. Они представляют собой машину, на которую установлена емкость для воды или иной жидкости, предназначенной для тушения возгораний.  В зависимости от вместимости бака различают автоцистерны:

  • легкие (до 2 000 л);
  • средние (2 000 – 4 000 л);
  • тяжелые (более 4 000 л).

Базовая автоцистерна для службы тушения огня устанавливается на ЗИЛ, реже баки устанавливают на КамАЗы и УРАЛы. Для подачи жидкости авто оборудованы насосными системами.

Автонасосы похожи на автоцистерны, но имеют больший функционал за счет большего количества оборудования. Емкости таких машин увеличены, базой для них являются КамАЗы. Техника работает самостоятельно либо в паре с АЦ.

Быструю доставку персонала к месту огня проводят машины первой помощи. Задача, поставленная для техники и пожарных – локализация пламени до прибытия основных средств работы с огнем. Поэтому оборудование на таких машинах легкое, малого объема.

Техника целевого применения делится по активному веществу, которое используется для борьбы с огнем. Это установки и автомобили тушения:

  • порошкового;
  • пенного;
  • газового;
  • смеси газа и воды;
  • комбинированного тушения.

Отдельной категорией идет пожарная техника для работы на аэродромах. Она бывает стартовая и основная. Назначение таких автомобилей – спасение пассажиров и экипажа, борьба с пламенем. Аэродромные машины не используются в иных местах, их применение ограничено аэропортами, поэтому такие машины имеют специфические технически параметры.

Невозможно потушить возгорание без специальной техники, доставляющей к очагу:

  • рукава;
  • лестницы;
  • освещение.

Доставка к месту пожара грузов, топлива осуществляется вспомогательными автомобилями. Они же служили ремонтными мастерскими.

Условные обозначения пожарных автомобилей

Для удобства и сокращения названий используются аббревиатуры, сокращения МЧС России. Они применяются в учебном процессе, при составлении документов в управлениях и гарнизонах, для обозначения объектов при схематическом изображении пожара. Графически изображаются транспорт всех типов, иная техника, противопожарное оборудование и вещества, предназначенные для тушения.

В названии специального транспорта указываются технические данные средств тушения и параметры автомобиля. Если сокращение выглядит АШ СПТ расшифровка – Автомобиль Штатной Службы ПожароТушения.

Если записано: ПНС-110 (131) 131А, это означает – Пожарная Насосная Станция, мощность насоса – 110 л/с, шасси машины ЗИЛ 131, модель 131А.

Для информативности используется цветовая гамма. Пожарные машины окрашены в красный цвет, для контраста и подчеркивания эффекта применяется белая краска. Места для надписей, выделения цветами определяется специальным Порядком. № части и населенный пункт указывается на двери кабины, тип техники указывается на корме.

Для оперативного выполнения поставленной задачи используется звуковой и световой сигнал.

Автомобиль штабной службы пожаротушения

Служба пожаротушения каждого уровня имеет штабной автомобиль. Он  подвозит к месту возгорания сотрудников штаба, средства связи. Салон машин оборудован столами, с рабочими местами на 6 человек для координации действий, оборудованием специального назначения для эффективного тушения пожаров и проведения аварийно-спасательных мероприятий.

Дополнительная комплектация АШ может отличаться, но базовый набор средств стандартный и есть у всех автомобилей. Периодически проверяется рабочее состояние оборудования и машины. Автомобиль, который в период дежурства был задействован на пожаре, проверяется сразу после возвращения с объекта.

Базовыми машинами для штабных авто являются микроавтобусы отечественного и зарубежного производства.

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